Deep Learning Library (DLL)

DLL Logo

Realization
  • Baptiste Wicht
Keywords
  • Machine Learning
  • Deep Learning
  • Neural Networks
  • High-Performance
  • Industrial grade software
  • C++
Our skills
Machine Learning algorithms
High-Performance

Machine Learning framework for C++

DLL is a machine learning framework that aims to provide a C++ implementation of neural networks and convolutional neural networks. The implementation provides significant speedups on cpu in comparison to other frameworks such as TensorFlow or Torch. It is then dedicated to the use phase of such deep models where performance on cpu is requested, such as in industry 4.0 applications.

The framework is highly optimized for CPU computations and also includes a prototype with accelerated GPU support.

Features

  • Artificial Neural Network (ANN)
  • Convolutional Neural Network (CNN)
  • Stochastic Gradient Descent optimization
  • Conjugate Gradient optimization
  • Restricted Boltzmann Machine, Deep Belief Network
  • Contrastive Divergence, Persistent Contrastive Divergence
  • Max/Average Pooling
  • Data Augmentation
  • Auto-encoders

Publications

  • B. Wicht, A. Fischer, and J. Hennebert, “Deep Learning Features for Handwritten Keyword Spotting,” in 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2016, pp. 3423-3428.
    [Bibtex]
    @conference{wicht:icpr2016,
    author = "Baptiste Wicht and Andreas Fischer and Jean Hennebert",
    abstract = "Deep learning had a significant impact on diverse pattern recognition tasks in the recent past. In this paper, we investigate its potential for keyword spotting in handwritten documents by designing a novel feature extraction system based on Convolutional Deep Belief Networks. Sliding window features are learned from word images in an unsupervised manner. The proposed features are evaluated both for template-based word spotting with Dynamic Time Warping and for learning-based word spotting with Hidden Markov Models. In an experimental evaluation on three benchmark data sets with historical and modern handwriting, it is shown that the proposed learned features outperform three standard sets of handcrafted features.",
    booktitle = "23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR)",
    editor = "IEEE",
    keywords = "Handwriting Recognition, Deep learning, Artificial neural networks, keyword spotting",
    month = "December",
    note = "Some of the files below are copyrighted. They are provided for your convenience, yet you may download them only if you are entitled to do so by your arrangements with the various publishers.",
    pages = "3423-3428",
    title = "{D}eep {L}earning {F}eatures for {H}andwritten {K}eyword {S}potting",
    url = "http://www.hennebert.org/download/publications/icpr-2016-deep-learning-features-for-handwritten-keyword-spotting.pdf",
    year = "2016",
    }
  • B. Wicht, A. Fischer, and J. Hennebert, “On CPU Performance Optimization of Restricted Boltzmann Machine and Convolutional RBM,” in Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition: 7th IAPR TC3 Workshop, ANNPR 2016, Ulm, Germany, September 28–30, 2016, Proceedings, F. Schwenker, H. M. Abbas, N. El Gayar, and E. Trentin, Eds., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, p. 163–174.
    [Website] [Bibtex]
    @inbook{wicht:2016annpr,
    author = "Baptiste Wicht and Andreas Fischer and Jean Hennebert",
    address = "Cham",
    booktitle = "Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition: 7th IAPR TC3 Workshop, ANNPR 2016, Ulm, Germany, September 28--30, 2016, Proceedings",
    doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-46182-3_14",
    editor = "Schwenker, Friedhelm
    and Abbas, M. Hazem
    and El Gayar, Neamat
    and Trentin, Edmondo",
    isbn = "978-3-319-46182-3",
    pages = "163--174",
    publisher = "Springer International Publishing",
    title = "{O}n {CPU} {P}erformance {O}ptimization of {R}estricted {B}oltzmann {M}achine and {C}onvolutional {RBM}",
    url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46182-3_14",
    year = "2016",
    }
  • B. Wicht, A. Fischer, and J. Hennebert, “Keyword Spotting with Convolutional Deep Belief Networks and Dynamic Time Warping,” in Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning – ICANN 2016: 25th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, Barcelona, Spain, September 6-9, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, A. E. P. Villa, P. Masulli, and A. J. Pons Rivero, Eds., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, p. 113–120.
    [Website] [Bibtex]
    @Inbook{wicht:2016icann,
    author="Wicht, Baptiste
    and Fischer, Andreas
    and Hennebert, Jean",
    editor="Villa, Alessandro E.P.
    and Masulli, Paolo
    and Pons Rivero, Antonio Javier",
    title="Keyword Spotting with Convolutional Deep Belief Networks and Dynamic Time Warping",
    bookTitle="Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning -- ICANN 2016: 25th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, Barcelona, Spain, September 6-9, 2016, Proceedings, Part II",
    year="2016",
    publisher="Springer International Publishing",
    address="Cham",
    pages="113--120",
    isbn="978-3-319-44781-0",
    doi="10.1007/978-3-319-44781-0_14",
    url="http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44781-0_14"
    }
  • B. Wicht and J. Henneberty, “Mixed handwritten and printed digit recognition in Sudoku with Convolutional Deep Belief Network,” in 2015 13th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR), 2015, pp. 861-865.
    [Website] [PDF] [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{wicht:icdar2015,
    author={B. Wicht and J. Henneberty},
    booktitle={2015 13th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR)},
    title={Mixed handwritten and printed digit recognition in Sudoku with Convolutional Deep Belief Network},
    year={2015},
    pages={861-865},
    abstract={In this paper, we propose a method to recognize Sudoku puzzles containing both handwritten and printed digits from images taken with a mobile camera. The grid and the digits are detected using various image processing techniques including Hough Transform and Contour Detection. A Convolutional Deep Belief Network is then used to extract high-level features from raw pixels. The features are finally classified using a Support Vector Machine. One of the scientific question addressed here is about the capability of the Deep Belief Network to learn extracting features on mixed inputs, printed and handwritten. The system is thoroughly tested on a set of 200 Sudoku images captured with smartphone cameras under varying conditions, e.g. distortion and shadows. The system shows promising results with 92% of the cells correctly classified. When cell detection errors are not taken into account, the cell recognition accuracy increases to 97.7%. Interestingly, the Deep Belief Network is able to handle the complex conditions often present on images taken with phone cameras and the complexity of mixed printed and handwritten digits.},
    keywords={Hough transforms;belief networks;handwriting recognition;image sensors;mobile computing;support vector machines;Hough Transform;Sudoku;Sudoku images;Sudoku puzzles;contour detection;convolutional deep belief network;handwritten digits;image processing techniques;mixed handwritten recognition;printed digit recognition;printed digits;smartphone cameras;support vector machine;Camera-based OCR;Convolution;Convolutional Deep Belief Network;Text Detection;Text Recognition},
    doi={10.1109/ICDAR.2015.7333884},
    month={Aug},
    Pdf = {http://www.hennebert.org/download/publications/icdar-2015-mixed-handwritten-and-printed-digit-recognition-in-sudoku-with-convolutional-deep-belief-network.pdf},
    }
  • B. Wicht and J. Hennebert, “Camera-based Sudoku Recognition with Deep Belief Network,” in 2014 6th International Conference of Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition (SoCPaR 2014), 2014, pp. 83-88.
    [Website] [PDF] [Bibtex]
    @conference{wicht2014:socpar,
    Abstract = {In this paper, we propose a method to detect and recognize a Sudoku puzzle on images taken from a mobile camera. The lines of the grid are detected with a Hough transform. The grid is then recomposed from the lines. The digits position are extracted from the grid and finally, each character is recognized using a Deep Belief Network (DBN). To test our implementation, we collected and made public a dataset of Sudoku images coming from cell phones. Our method proved successful on our dataset, achieving 87.5% of correct detection on the testing set. Only 0.37% of the cells were incorrectly guessed. The algorithm is capable of handling some alterations of the images, often present on phone-based images, such as distortion, perspective, shadows, illumination gradients or scaling. On average, our solution is able to produce a result from a Sudoku in less than 100ms.},
    Author = {Baptiste Wicht and Jean Hennebert},
    Booktitle = {2014 6th International Conference of Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition (SoCPaR 2014)},
    Doi = {10.1109/SOCPAR.2014.7007986},
    Isbn = {9781479959358},
    Keywords = {Machine Learning, DBN, Deep Belief Network, Image Recognition, Text Detection, Text Recognition},
    Pages = {83-88},
    Publisher = {Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ( IEEE )},
    Title = {{C}amera-based {S}udoku {R}ecognition with {D}eep {B}elief {N}etwork},
    Pdf = {http://www.hennebert.org/download/publications/socpar-2014-camera-based-sudoku-recognition-with-deep-belief-network.pdf},
    Year = {2014},
    Pdf = {http://www.hennebert.org/download/publications/socpar-2014-camera-based-sudoku-recognition-with-deep-belief-network.pdf},
    Bdsk-Url-2 = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SOCPAR.2014.7007986}}